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Assessment of humaneelephant conflicts in multifunctional landscapes of Taita Taveta County, Kenya

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dc.contributor.author Martha, Munyao
dc.contributor.author Mika, Siljander
dc.contributor.author Tino, Johansson
dc.contributor.author Godfrey, Makokha
dc.contributor.author Petri, Pellikka
dc.date.accessioned 2021-07-30T08:45:48Z
dc.date.available 2021-07-30T08:45:48Z
dc.date.issued 2020-11-22
dc.identifier.uri http://ir.ttu.ac.ke/xmlui/handle/123456789/68
dc.description.abstract People and wildlife have co-occurred, sharing resources for thousands of years, however, over the last four decades records of humanewildlife conflict have increasingly emerged. Humaneelephant conflict is a form of such conflict, resulting from negative interactions between people and elephants. Humaneelephant conflict affects local community livelihood and the success of elephant conservation. Tsavo East and Tsavo West National Parks, which cover about 60% of the Taita Taveta County land area, host the single largest elephant population in Kenya.We analysed humaneelephant conflict incident data over 15 years (2004e2018) in Taita Taveta County, which forms part of the Tsavo ecosystem in south-eastern Kenya. We identified eight forms of humaneelephant conflict comprising elephant threat, crop raiding, property damage, injury to people, human death, elephant death, elephant injury, and livestock death. Three forms of conflict accounted for 97% of the reported incidents, namely elephant threat to humans, constituting the highest number of incidents (62.46%), followed by crop raiding (32.46%) and property damage (2.33%). Conflicts occurred throughout the year, with June to July having the highest number of incidents. Rainfall, distance from the Tsavo national parks, and human population density were used as covariates to explain HEC patterns. This study seeks to provide a detailed evaluation of the spatialetemporal patterns of humaneelephant conflict in Taita Taveta County and to yield information useful for humaneelephant conflict mitigation and elephant conservation. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Global Ecology and Conservation en_US
dc.subject African elephant, Human elephant conflict, Crop raiding, Property damage, Tsavo ecosystem Wildlife conservation en_US
dc.title Assessment of humaneelephant conflicts in multifunctional landscapes of Taita Taveta County, Kenya en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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